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Lake Bera is located in the central lowlands of Peninsular Malaysia. It lies within the Pahang River catchments area. The wetland consists of a complex of inflowing streams and swamps, measuring some 35 kilometres long and 25 kilometres wide. The total catchment area of Lake Bera is around 61,380 hectares, while the Ramsar site of 31,120 hectares include some 6,800 hectares of wetland habitats, known as the biggest natural lake in Malaysia. The lake is patches and joint to one another by a small fast flowing channel between them with full of 'screwpines' plants or Rasau in Malay and 'Pitcher Plant' floating on the water.

Lake Bera is an inland riverine swamp, which supports a biological community unique to Malaysia, and possibly represented nowhere else in the world. Of the 6,800 hectares of wetlands inside the Ramsar site, the main habitats comprises of freshwater and peat swamp forests, transitional open-forested swamps and open water, with a highly diverse algae community and beds of submerged macrophytes.

The world's only species of submerged plant, the purple water trumpet is found in the swamp forests along the river banks, whilst bladderwort and floating water lilies are found in the main open water. Pandans and emergent plants such as the rare sedge are abundant in large open swamps.

The forest of the drier lowlands is dominated by dipterocarps, which include some of the commercial timber species. The canopy can reach heights of between 30-40 metres, but some emergent can reach a height of more than 50 metres.

A total of 374 plant species have been recorded at Lake Bera, of which 10 are known to be endemic to Peninsular Malaysia.


Another rewarding river trip is to start your journey from Kuala Bera. From there it will take 2 days for you to reach the lake. Break your journey at Temangan (Orang Asli Settlement) then continue the next day. You need to bring along camping gears, foods and drinking water, cooking facilities, otherwise you will end up to spend the night with their family.

Bera river is quite challenging, the water is deep, winding river, a lot of obstacles like drift wood, thorny Rattan Palm, Pandanus leaves. As you go deeper you will find the river is getting smaller and tougher, you also have to pass through a few rapids, and one of them is called ‘Jeram Panjang’. Long before that, you will meet the Serting River on your right, a tributary of Bera river. Hire a boat with a good and experienced boatman to meander the river so that your trip is safe and enjoyable.

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